Ratio of Cl-36/Cl in ground ice of east Siberia and its application for chronometry

TitleRatio of Cl-36/Cl in ground ice of east Siberia and its application for chronometry
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBlinov, A, Alfimov, V, Beer, J, Gilichinsky, D, Schirrmeister, L, Kholodov, AL, Nikolskiy, P, Opel, T, Tikhomirov, D, Wetterich, S
JournalGeochemistry Geophysics Geosystems
Date PublishedNov 11
ISBN Number1525-2027
Keywordschlorine-36, delta, east siberia, ice wedges, island, laptev sea region, late quaternary, northeast siberia, Permafrost, permafrost dating, precipitation, quaternary, records, Russia, wedges

Abundance of the cosmogenic nuclide chlorine-36 (Cl-36) was measured together with the chloride (Cl-) concentration in different horizons of Quaternary permafrost samples collected from various types of ground ice in the northeastern part of Siberia. The Cl-36/Cl in 32 samples ranged in value from 2.4 x 10(-14) to 1.4 x 10(-12). Nonetheless, after a few extreme values were excluded, these Cl-36/Cl ratios provided a local permafrost chronometry. The general concordance of the modeled ages with geological expectations and other chronological methods supports the potential power of the proposed dating method. However, the large observed change in ratios from higher to lower values during the transition from Last Glacial Maximum to Holocene climatic conditions remains unexplained. An attempt to make use of the corresponding beryllium- 10 (Be-10) absolute concentrations in the same samples failed because input of Be-10 attached to particulate matter into permafrost is unknown. Further Cl-36/Cl serial measurements of modern precipitation and fossil ground ice are needed to refine this dating method into a practical tool with a clear protocol.

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