Vegetation-soil-thaw-depth relationships along a low-arctic bioclimate gradient, Alaska: synthesis of information from the ATLAS studies
|Title||Vegetation-soil-thaw-depth relationships along a low-arctic bioclimate gradient, Alaska: synthesis of information from the ATLAS studies|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Authors||Walker, DA, Jia, GJ, Epstein, HE, Raynolds, MK, Chapin, III, FS, Copass, C, Hinzman, LD, Knudson, JA, Maier, HA, Michaelson, GJ, Nelson, F, Ping, CL, Romanovsky, VE, Shiklomanov, N|
|Journal||Permafrost and Periglacial Processes|
|Keywords||active layer, bioclimate subzones, biomass, frost boils, NDVI, soil pH|
Differences in the summer insulative value of the zonal vegetation mat affect the depth of thaw along the Arctic bioclimate gradient. Toward the south, taller, denser plant canopies and thicker organic horizons counter the effects of warmer temperatures, so that there is little correspondence between active layer depths and summer air temperature. We examined the interactions between summer warmth, vegetation (biomass, Leaf Area Index, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index), soil (texture and pH), and thaw depths at 17 sites in three bioclimate subzones of the Arctic Slope and Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Total plant biomass in subzones C, D, and E averaged 421 g m-2, 503 g m-2, and 1178 g m-2 respectively. Soil organic horizons averaged 4 cm in subzone C, 8 cm in subzone D, and 14 cm in subzone E. The average late-August thaw depths in subzones C, D, and E were 44 cm, 55 cm, and 47 cm respectively. Non-acidic soils in equivalent climates generally have shorter-stature sedge-dominated canopies and many frost boils, and consequently have thicker active layers than acidic soils. The trends reported here are useful for palaeo-ecological reconstructions and predictions of future ecosystem changes in the Low Arctic. Climate change will not lead to uniform thickening of the active layer, and could lead to shallower active layers in some presently dry areas due to paludification.