GIPL Members Present Findings at the General Assembly of the European Geoscience Union, Vienna, Austria, 20 April 2016

During the Permafrost Open Session of the Cryosphere Sciences Division of the EGU, GIPL members William Cable and Reginald Muskett, presented findings regarding the transformative changes of the permafrost and periglacial regions of the northern hemisphere (

During the Oral Session (, William showed results of high-density space and time sensing of the ground temperature changes, soil moisture changes and snow thickness changes at the Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment site near Barrow, Alaska. Those in attendance had their "socks nocked off" to use a phrase. Truly, investigating such a dense dataset will take years. In the near future, these findings will fulfill in part the thesis requirements for the Masters of Science from the University of Alaska Fairbanks and the University of the Arctic.

For his part Reginald, a co-chair and co-convener of the Orals and Posters parts of the session, gave presentations of ongoing research in Geodetic Microwave Remote Sensing and Measurement, during the Posters ( His latest investigations, published, are of the sources of terrestrial and extraterrestrial radio frequency interference of our Space-based instruments, active radars and passive microwave radiometers scanning across the permafrost regions from near-Earth orbits. "Measuring and observing the the changes of the active-layer (above) and permafrost (below) is very challenging. This is because in many cases for long stretches of years the changes appear very small (given our measurement methodologies), yet, there will come a year or two when the change is very large. We cannot predict when that one or two year of very large change will happen. So, we must be vigilant, keep calm, and keep measuring and observing, and off course reporting our findings for others to investigate. However, as demonstrated in our Oral presentations, we are not yet measuring and observing the changes of the active-layer and permafrost at sufficiently fine space and time scales that will allow us to understand the changes that are occurring. This is a conundrum  which our present state of Science cannot address and we will have to live with for many years to come."